1.16.4, 1.16.5 Release Candidate 1
Trasparent blocks with a semi-opaque texture (no matter what opacity it has) make invisible the particles.
Therefore, blocks as ice or colored stained glass that have traslucent textures make all particles invisible while you are still able to see other blocks ot entities through them.
I believe it is supposed to be fixed on 19w46a,
MC-165540, but it is still happening.
It do not happen on 1.14.4 or lower.
MC-188529 Particles are not visible behind translucent blocks if graphics is set to Fast or Fancy