When broken by a Creative mode player, the command-exclusive barrier and structure block both produce dedicated block breaking particles. 21w13a introduces light blocks, which are similar in them being command-exclusive and having special functionality when the item is held. The light block, however, does not produce particles when broken, unlike the other two, leading me to believe this is a bug.
The expected behaviour would be that barriers and structure voids should not produce particles when broken, as they are meant to be fully invisible in gameplay outside of special circumstances. This should also be true in other circumstances where particles are produced, such as falling on the block from a height, sprinting on the block, punching the block, and having an iron golem walk on it.