Some old Intel Integrated Graphics hardware (mainly 2nd - 3rd generation, all End-of-Life and no longer supported by Intel) won’t be able to run Minecraft 1.14 and beyond.
Aside from the affected hardware being designed for lightweight office use and not gaming, they are no longer receiving updates from Intel due to their age. Unfortunately, the last drivers provided broke a feature called VBO that Minecraft 1.14 now relies on(https://twitter.com/SeargeDP/status/1060455384471793664)
This hardware is all under the minimum requirements
You can play older versions with VBO turned OFF, more information in https://www.reddit.com/r/Minecraft/comments/bc34cs/psa_want_to_play_114_on_an_old_intel_integrated/ or 💬 Community Support