the placed_block advancement trigger doesn't work with doors of any kind, as well as cocoa, carrots and potatoes.
I've tried it both with a "block" criterion and a "item" criterion, which both worked fine if changed to e.g. "dirt" instead of "wooden_door"
To replicate, create an advancement that features one of these criteria, place down an oak door and see that nothing happens. You can of course replace minecraft:wooden_door with minecraft:dirt to check whether the syntax is correct and you'll see that it triggers just as you would expect.